Signs & Symptoms of Metabolic and Respiratory Acidosis

Signs & Symptoms of Metabolic and Respiratory Acidosis Mnemonics for Nursing Students

Symptoms and signs are a result of high CO2 concentrations and low pH in the CNS and any accompanying hypoxemia. Acute (or acutely worsening chronic) respiratory acidosis causes headacheconfusionanxietydrowsiness, and stupor (CO2 narcosis).

Initial signs of acute respiratory acidosis include:

  • headache.
  • anxiety.
  • blurred vision.
  • restlessness.
  • confusion.
Signs & Symptoms of Metabolic and Respiratory Acidosis

Some of the common symptoms of metabolic acidosis include the following:

  • rapid and shallow breathing.
  • confusion.
  • fatigue.
  • headache.
  • sleepiness.
  • lack of appetite.
  • jaundice.
  • increased heart rate.

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