Sports Medicine

Orthopedics Notes for Medical Students

Orthopedic Notes for Medical Students: Ankle Sprain

Orthopedics Notes for Medical Students: Ankle Sprain also known as every high school athlete’s worst nightmare. For evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment of an ankle sprain, you may see: An emergency medicine doctor. A primary care professional (family medicine doctor, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, general practitioner, or internist). An orthopedist. An ankle sprain can occur to either the inside (medial) or the outside (lateral) …

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Feet Skeletal System Foot (Human Anatomy) Bones, Tendons, Ligaments

Feet Skeletal System: Foot (Human Anatomy): Bones, Tendons, Ligaments

The feet support the human body when standing, walking, running, and more. They are complex structures with 26 bones.  The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals). The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone. The hindfoot forms …

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Deformities of the finger in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Swan neck deformity vs boutonniere deformity

Deformities of the finger in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) What is a boutonniere deformity? Boutonniere deformity is a deformed position of the fingers or toes, in which the joint nearest the knuckle (the proximal interphalangeal joint, or PIP) is permanently bent toward the palm while the farthest joint (the distal interphalangeal joint, or DIP) is bent back away …

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