Month: March 2019

Signs & Symptoms of Metabolic and Respiratory Acidosis

Signs & Symptoms of Metabolic and Respiratory Acidosis

Signs & Symptoms of Metabolic and Respiratory Acidosis Mnemonics for Nursing Students Symptoms and signs are a result of high CO2 concentrations and low pH in the CNS and any accompanying hypoxemia. Acute (or acutely worsening chronic) respiratory acidosis causes headache, confusion, anxiety, drowsiness, and stupor (CO2 narcosis). Initial signs of acute respiratory acidosis include: headache. anxiety. blurred vision. restlessness. confusion. Some of …

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Orthopedics Notes for Medical Students

Orthopedic Notes for Medical Students: Ankle Sprain

Orthopedics Notes for Medical Students: Ankle Sprain also known as every high school athlete’s worst nightmare. For evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment of an ankle sprain, you may see: An emergency medicine doctor. A primary care professional (family medicine doctor, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, general practitioner, or internist). An orthopedist. An ankle sprain can occur to either the inside (medial) or the outside (lateral) …

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Feet Skeletal System Foot (Human Anatomy) Bones, Tendons, Ligaments

Feet Skeletal System: Foot (Human Anatomy): Bones, Tendons, Ligaments

The feet support the human body when standing, walking, running, and more. They are complex structures with 26 bones.  The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals). The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone. The hindfoot forms …

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Deformities of the finger in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Swan neck deformity vs boutonniere deformity

Deformities of the finger in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) What is a boutonniere deformity? Boutonniere deformity is a deformed position of the fingers or toes, in which the joint nearest the knuckle (the proximal interphalangeal joint, or PIP) is permanently bent toward the palm while the farthest joint (the distal interphalangeal joint, or DIP) is bent back away …

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Achilles Tendon Rupture Splint

Achilles Tendon Rupture Splint

Achilles Tendon Tear: Care Instructions Achilles Tendon Rupture “Loud pop” normally while exercising. Tx in ED: immobilization in a short-leg splint, posterior splint keeping the foot in plantar-flexion, non-weightbearing until seen by an orthopedic surgeon. Definitive repair is surgical. Casting for nonsurgical treatment of ruptured Achilles tendon. This splint is an ankle-foot orthosis that holds the ankle at …

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